THE HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION IS THE HISTORY OF A CULTURE THAT ADOPTED A LINEAR VIEW OF TIME. BUT NOW, BECAUSE THE BIG BANG THEORY HAS NUMEROUS PROBLEMS, A NEW PAPER HAS PROPOSED ABANDONING THE LINEAR VIEW AND TAKING A NEW LOOK AT A MUCH MORE ANCIENT MODEL…
PROBLEMS IN THE MODEL
The Big Bang Theory is the prevailing theory of the origin of the universe among the Science Guild. It teaches that almost 14 billion years ago, the entire universe exploded from an infinitely small point, called the singularity. The concept bears its share of issues. At Space.com, we read the following:
However, there is no direct evidence of the original singularity. (Collecting information from that first moment of expansion is impossible with current methods.) In the new paper, Brazilian physicist Juliano Cesar Silva Neves argues that the original singularity may never have existed.
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The major problems with the Big Bang Theory are that its predictions don’t match our measurements. One such issue is called the Lithium problem: there is less lithium in the universe than the Big Bang model says there ought to be. There are other, larger, problems, as well.
So, the new paper proposes a return to the eternally oscillating universe model:
The concept first appeared at least 40 years ago, and it agrees that the universe is expanding, but does not assume that the universe came into being when that expansion started and the universe was infinitely small. Instead, it proposes that the universe is eternally undergoing a cycle of contraction and expansion. These alternating phases smoothly follow each other like the phases of the tide. (Bouncing cosmology models are variations on Albert Einstein’s proposed cyclic cosmology model.)
The idea is actually much older than 40 years. The concept of an eternal, oscillating universe goes back to the Ancient Greek, Chinese, Hindu, and Egyptian cultures. All pagan cultures, basically. At Wikipedia, we read the following:
In ancient Egypt, the scarab (or dung beetle) was viewed as a sign of eternal renewal and reemergence of life, a reminder of the life to come. (See also “Atum” and “Ma’at.”)
The ancient Mayans and Aztecs also took a cyclical view of time.
In ancient Greece, the concept of eternal return was connected with Empedocles, Zeno of Citium, and most notably in Stoicism (see ekpyrosis).
The concept of cyclical patterns is very prominent in Indian religions, such as Jainism, Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism among others. The wheel of life represents an endless cycle of birth, life, and death from which one seeks liberation.