America is still unwinding from an extremely stressful election cycle. But it is not far from the election 192 years ago.
On December 2, 1824, America was no closer to electing her new president than when the election started on October 26th. Democratic-Republican James Monroe was the current president. He served two terms but declined to run for a third. The field was open for candidates. The official party nominee was Secretary of Treasury William H. Crawford.
The Federalist Party dissolved after of the War of 1812. During Monroe’s presidency, he worked for single party unity in the Democratic-Republican Party. He achieved only half of that goal. There was just one party but it was anything but unified.
Many rejected the nominee chosen and pushed by party insiders. They wanted other options. Along with Crawford, four other politicians tossed their hat into the ring.
Monroe cabinet members Secretary of State John Quincy Adams and Secretary of War John C. Calhoun both entered the race. National war hero Andrew Jackson was encouraged by supporters to run. Speaker of the House Henry Clay, who strongly opposed Monroe, rounded out the candidates.
Adams felt quite confident in his chances. The last three presidents were Secretaries of State, starting with the first SoS under George Washington, Thomas Jefferson. Hillary Clinton probably had that some confidence.
Calhoun dropped out of the race early. He decided instead to go for the Vice-Presidency. At the time, the VP was elected independently of the President. Calhoun gained support from both Jackson and Adams supporters, easily winning him the position.
There were 261 electoral votes up for grabs. A candidate needed 131 for a clear win.
Jackson led in electoral votes, but he did not have the needed majority. As a true Representative Republic, six states did not have a presidential election. The state legislatures in Delaware, Georgia, Louisiana, New York, South Carolina, and Vermont decided their electoral votes. The other states allowed their citizens to determine who received their states’ support.
Jackson also led in popular votes. Because six states did not actually cast ballots, many question the true validity of this result. The population of New York alone could have easily swayed this victory to Adams.
No candidate reached the required 131 votes by December 2nd. As a result, the 1824 election became the first to go to the House of Representatives. It was the first test of the 12th Amendment which passed in 1804. The top three electoral recipients, Jackson, Adams, and Crawford, continued on.
Clay was out of the running, but not out of the race. As Speaker of the House, he still had some control over the outcome. Clay strongly disagreed with Jackson while his views and policies favored Adams.
During the two months until the House vote, Clay threw his support behind Adams. Moreover, a newspaper reported that Adams offered Clay the position of Secretary of State. Rumors and accusations of a “corrupt bargain” began spreading, much like the suspicions of favors resulting from large donations to the Clinton Foundation.
The first House ballot on February 9, 1825, resulted in an Adams presidency.
Regardless of the truth of the rumors, Adams did offer Clay the Secretary of State position. Clay took the job realizing the damage was already done. Jackson supporters, or Jacksonians, immediately started utilizing the rumor for the 1828 election. They used it to delegitimize Adams. Similar to what Jill Stein, Hillary Clinton and the Democrats are attempting today.
Stein is calling for a recount in three states. There is no reason a candidate with 1% of the vote should request a recount. Several theories have surfaced regarding what she hopes will happen. All lead to one result: to invalidate President-Elect Donald Trump’s presidency.
America is a Republic. Citizens vote for representatives in local and state positions. Likewise, they choose federal politicians that represent the state. But the presidency is the only national office. Therefore, the people do not decide that person. Rather, the 50 states that make up the nation do. Citizens only vote on who their state will support.
The whole argument for the popular vote is irrelevant because we are not one state. We are 50 separate states. Accordingly, those independent entities get a voice on the national leader, not each individual.
Hillary Clinton won the popular vote. On the other hand, she carried less than 500 of the 3,142 counties, parishes, and boroughs in the entire country. Dissolving the electoral college would allow 15% of the country to control the remaining 85%.
Jackson received victory over Adams in 1828. It was also the end of the Democratic-Republican Party. Adams and Clay went on to form what would become the Whig Party. Jackson organized the Democrat Party.
With his presidency, Jackson began the shift towards a democracy. The “Father of the Democrat Party” started a movement to turn America from a Republic to a “mob rules” form of government. Today’s Democrats wish to continue this movement in the electoral college. It they succeed, they wI’ll deny the wishes of the majority of the country. It will destroy the sanctity of states and make us borderless.
Our Founding Fathers were brilliant men. They designed a Constitution that was unique, liberating and fair. Unfortunately, people have been trying to destroy it ever since.
But that’s just my 2 cents.