The Federalist Papers – No. 55

The Federalist Papers – No. 55

The Total Number of the House of Representatives From the New York Packet. Friday, February 15, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton or James Madison To the People of the State of New York: THE number of which the House of Representatives is to consist, forms another and a very interesting point of view, under which this branch of the […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 54

The Federalist Papers – No. 54

The Apportionment of Members Among the States From the New York Packet. Tuesday, February 12, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton or James Madison To the People of the State of New York: THE next view which I shall take of the House of Representatives relates to the appointment of its members to the several States which is to be […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 53

The Federalist Papers – No. 53

The Same Subject Continued: The House of Representatives From the New York Packet. Tuesday, February 12, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton or James Madison To the People of the State of New York: I SHALL here, perhaps, be reminded of a current observation, “that where annual elections end, tyranny begins. ” If it be true, as has often been […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 52

The Federalist Papers – No. 52

The House of Representatives From the New York Packet. Friday, February 8, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton or James Madison To the People of the State of New York: FROM the more general inquiries pursued in the four last papers, I pass on to a more particular examination of the several parts of the government. I shall begin with […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 51

The Federalist Papers – No. 51

The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments From the New York Packet. Friday, February 8, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton or James Madison To the People of the State of New York: TO WHAT expedient, then, shall we finally resort, for maintaining in practice the necessary partition of power among […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 50

The Federalist Papers – No. 50

Periodic Appeals to the People Considered From the New York Packet. Tuesday, February 5, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton or James Madison To the People of the State of New York: IT MAY be contended, perhaps, that instead of OCCASIONAL appeals to the people, which are liable to the objections urged against them, PERIODICAL appeals are the proper and […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 49

The Federalist Papers – No. 49

Method of Guarding Against the Encroachments of Any One Department of Government by Appealing to the People Through a Convention From the New York Packet. Tuesday, February 5, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton or James Madison To the People of the State of New York: THE author of the “Notes on the State of Virginia,” quoted in the last […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 48

The Federalist Papers – No. 48

These Departments Should Not Be So Far Separated as to Have No Constitutional Control Over Each Other From the New York Packet. Friday, February 1, 1788. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: IT WAS shown in the last paper that the political apothegm there examined does not require that the […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 47

The Federalist Papers – No. 47

The Particular Structure of the New Government and the Distribution of Power Among Its Different Parts From the New York Packet. Friday, February 1, 1788. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: HAVING reviewed the general form of the proposed government and the general mass of power allotted to it, I […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 46

The Federalist Papers – No. 46

The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared From the New York Packet. Tuesday, January 29, 1788. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: RESUMING the subject of the last paper, I proceed to inquire whether the federal government or the State governments will have the advantage with regard to […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 45

The Federalist Papers – No. 45

The Federalist Papers – No. 45 The Alleged Danger From the Powers of the Union to the State Governments Considered For the Independent Journal. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: HAVING shown that no one of the powers transferred to the federal government is unnecessary or improper, the next question […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 44

The Federalist Papers – No. 44

Restrictions on the Authority of the Several States From the New York Packet. Friday, January 25, 1788. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: A FIFTH class of provisions in favor of the federal authority consists of the following restrictions on the authority of the several States:1. “No State shall enter […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 43

The Federalist Papers – No. 43

The Same Subject Continued: The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered For the Independent Journal. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: THE FOURTH class comprises the following miscellaneous powers:1. A power “to promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing, for a limited time, to authors and […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 42

The Federalist Papers – No. 42

The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered From the New York Packet. Tuesday, January 22, 1788 Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: THE SECOND class of powers, lodged in the general government, consists of those which regulate the intercourse with foreign nations, to wit: to make treaties; to send […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 41

The Federalist Papers – No. 41

General View of the Powers Conferred by the Constitution For the Independent Journal. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: THE Constitution proposed by the convention may be considered under two general points of view. The FIRST relates to the sum or quantity of power which it vests in the government, […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 40

The Federalist Papers – No. 40

The Powers of the Convention to Form a Mixed Government Examined and Sustained From the New York Packet. Friday, January 18, 1788. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: THE SECOND point to be examined is, whether the convention were authorized to frame and propose this mixed Constitution. The powers […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 39

The Federalist Papers – No. 39

The Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles For the Independent Journal. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: THE last paper having concluded the observations which were meant to introduce a candid survey of the plan of government reported by the convention, we now proceed to the execution of […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 38

The Federalist Papers – No. 38

Concerning the Difficulties of the Convention in Devising a Proper Form of Government From the New York Packet. Tuesday, January 15, 1788. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: IT IS not a little remarkable that in every case reported by ancient history, in which government has been established with […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 37

The Federalist Papers – No. 37

Concerning the Difficulties of the Convention in Devising a Proper Form of Government From the Daily Advertiser. Friday, January 11, 1788. Author: James Madison To the People of the State of New York: IN REVIEWING the defects of the existing Confederation, and showing that they cannot be supplied by a government of less energy than […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 36

The Federalist Papers – No. 36

The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation From the New York Packet. Tuesday January 8, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: WE HAVE seen that the result of the observations, to which the foregoing number has been principally devoted, is, that from the natural operation […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 35

The Federalist Papers – No. 35

The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation For the Independent Journal. Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: BEFORE we proceed to examine any other objections to an indefinite power of taxation in the Union, I shall make one general remark; which is, that if the jurisdiction […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 34

The Federalist Papers – No. 34

The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation From the New York Packet. Friday, January 4, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: I FLATTER myself it has been clearly shown in my last number that the particular States, under the proposed Constitution, would have COEQUAL authority with […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 33

The Federalist Papers – No. 33

The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation From the Daily Advertiser. Thursday, January 3, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: THE residue of the argument against the provisions of the Constitution in respect to taxation is ingrafted upon the following clause. The last clause of the eighth section […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 32

The Federalist Papers – No. 32

The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation From the Daily Advertiser. Thursday, January 3, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: ALTHOUGH I am of opinion that there would be no real danger of the consequences which seem to be apprehended to the State governments from […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 31

The Federalist Papers – No. 31

The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation From the New York Packet. Tuesday, January 1, 1788. Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: IN DISQUISITIONS of every kind, there are certain primary truths, or first principles, upon which all subsequent reasonings must depend. These contain an internal […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 30

The Federalist Papers – No. 30

Concerning the General Power of Taxation From the New York Packet. Friday, December 28, 1787. Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: IT HAS been already observed that the federal government ought to possess the power of providing for the support of the national forces; in which proposition was intended […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 29

The Federalist Papers – No. 29

Concerning the Militia From the Daily Advertiser. Thursday, January 10, 1788 Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: THE power of regulating the militia, and of commanding its services in times of insurrection and invasion are natural incidents to the duties of superintending the common defense, and of watching over […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 28

The Federalist Papers – No. 28

The Same Subject Continued: The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered For the Independent Journal. Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: THAT there may happen cases in which the national government may be necessitated to resort to force, cannot be denied. Our […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 27

The Federalist Papers – No. 27

The Same Subject Continued: The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered From the New York Packet. Tuesday, December 25, 1787 Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: IT HAS been urged, in different shapes, that a Constitution of the kind proposed by the convention cannot operate […]
The Federalist Papers – No. 26

The Federalist Papers – No. 26

The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered For the Independent Journal Author: Alexander Hamilton To the People of the State of New York: IT WAS a thing hardly to be expected that in a popular revolution the minds of men should stop at that happy mean which marks […]