Second Continental Congress

Today, June 30, 1775: Continental Congress Drafts Articles of War Against Great Britain

From 1754 to 1763, the French-Indian War set the stage for the Revolutionary War with Great Britain and the American colonies. The long war created a great deal of debt for the British and they began imposing a series of acts upon the colonies to help pay off their heavy debts.

On April 5, 1764, the British imposed the Sugar Act.

On September 1, 1764, the British imposed the Currency Act.

On March 22, 1765, the British imposed the Stamp Act.

On March 24, 1765, the British imposed the Quartering Act.

On March 18, 1766, the British imposed the Declaratory Act.

On June 29, 1767, the British imposed the Townsend Revenue Act.

On August 1, 1768, the British imposed the Boston Non-Importation Agreement on the people and businesses of Boston.

On March 5, 1770, colonial protesters in Boston are confronted by British military. A shot rings out and the British open fire on the crowd. The incident is known as the Boston Massacre.

On June 9, 1772, the Gaspee Affair takes place. The British ship HMS Gaspee had been pirating colonial merchant ships in the area around Narragansett bay. On June 9, 1772, a colonial merchant ship intentionally lured the Gaspee into shallow water where it ran aground. A group of colonials boarded the ship, wounded Lieutenant William Duddington, the captain, and took all of the crew ashore were they were forced to watch the Gaspee be looted and then burned. The colonists charged Duddington with illegally seizing goods. When the crown found out, the sent the someone from the admiralty to arrest the colonists, but were never able to identify the colonists involved.

On May 10, 1773, the British imposed the Tea Act.

On December 16, 1773, a group of colonists dressed up as Indians and raided British ships in Boston harbor. They destroyed around 90 tons of tea.

On March 31, 1774, the British imposed the Boston Port Act, the first of the Intolerable Acts.

On May 20, 1774, the British imposed the Administration of Justice Act and the Massachusetts Government Act, both part of the Intolerable Acts.

On June 2, 1774, the British imposed another Quartering Act, part of the Intolerable Acts.

On June 22, 1774, the British imposed the Quebec Act, one of the Intolerable Acts.

On October 10, 1774, the Battle of Point Pleasant, Virginia. Some believe this may have been the first battle of the Revolutionary War.

On October, 14, 1774, the First Continental Congress issued their Declaration and Resolves, demanding Great Britain observe the rights of the American colonists.

On October 20, 1774, Articles of Association issued by colonial delegates prohibiting trade with Great Britain.

On April 18, 1775, William Dawes and Paul Revere ride to warn Minutemen in Lexington and Concord about the British march to seize munitions and supplies.

On April 19, 1775, ‘shot heard around the world’ when Minutemen and British troops engage each other at Lexington and Concord.

On May 10, 1775, Fort Ticonderoga captured by Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys. Second Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia.

On June 15, 1775, Second Continental Congress appoints General George Washington as Commander in Chief of the Continental army.

On June 17, 1775, Battle of Bunker Hill.

On this day, June 30, 1775, the Second Continental Congress drafts 69 Articles of War against Great Britain. The articles also establish military code of conduct and penalties for violation of the code.

On November 7, 1775, Second Continental Congress revised Articles of War codes of conduct and penalties.

 

Sources for the above includes: Journals of the Continental Congress – Articles of War, June 30, 1775; Timeline of the Revolutionary War; The Second Continental Congress; Congress Impugns Parliament and Adopts Articles of War; Military Laws: Articles of War; Historical Dictionary of the American Revolution;

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Dave Jolly

R.L. David Jolly holds a B.S. in Wildlife Biology and an M.S. in Biology – Population Genetics. He has worked in a number of fields, giving him a broad perspective on life, business, economics and politics. He is a very conservative Christian, husband, father and grandfather who cares deeply for his Savior, family and the future of our troubled nation.

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