On July 27, 1974, the US House of Representatives Judiciary Committee passed Impeachment Article 1, charging Nixon with obstruction of justice. The vote was 27-11 for impeachment.
On July 29, 1974, the House Judiciary Committee passes Article 2 of Impeachment by a vote of 28-10. Article 2 charged Nixon with abuse of power.
On July 30, 1974, the House Judiciary Committee passes Article 3 of Impeachment by a 21-17 vote. Article 3 charged Nixon with contempt of congress.
For the chronological list of events that led up to President Richard Nixon’s impeachment, see: Today, July 27, 1974: President Nixon Impeached.
After the three articles of impeachment were brought against Nixon, he continued to tell the nation that he was not a crook and innocent of all charges.
On this day, August 8, 1974, President Nixon addressed the nation from the Oval Office that evening on television and told the American people that he had decided to resign as President of the United States, explaining:
“By taking this action, I hope that I will have hastened the start of the process of healing which is so desperately needed in America.”
On August 9, 1974, just before noon, Nixon’s term as the 37th President of the United States ended. He and his family then boarded a helicopter, Nixon turned to give his patented wave, and then flew off into history as the only president to resign from office. Within minutes of the end of Nixon’s term, Vice President Gerald Ford was sworn in as the 38th President.
Ford became the first person to become President without being elected as Vice President or President. Ford became Vice President after Spiro T. Agnew resigned as Vice President on October 10, 1973 and then plead no contest to the charges of tax evasion. Ford was appointed to replace Agnew under the terms of the 25th Amendment and then succeeded Nixon to the presidency. Ford displayed his loyalty to Nixon by giving him a full presidential pardon for all crimes he may have committed while in office.